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What Are the Requirements and Rules for a 1031 Exchange?

June 21, 2023

1031 exchanges are a fantastic way for landowners to increase their land holdings and diversify their investment portfolio after selling their property. That being said, 1031 exchanges come with their own sets of rules and regulations that need to be followed. Let’s take a look at 1031 exchange rules and requirements!

1031 Exchange Timeline

All 1031 exchanges regardless of the type have a 45-day identification period and a 180-day exchange period.

For a 1031 exchange to be in accordance with IRC § 1031, within 45 days of the close of the sale of the Relinquished Property the taxpayer must identify their potential replacement property(ies) in writing to the qualified intermediary. The replacement property(ies) description must be unambiguous and specific using a physical address or legal description. 

1031 Exchange Property Identification Rules

In relation to the 45-day identification period, there are rules that a taxpayer must follow when identifying their potential replacement property(ies). There are three distinct identification rules that the taxpayer can use, and they can choose the appropriate rule for their specific exchange situation. The three rules are as follows: 

The 3-Property Rule

A taxpayer can identify up to three properties without regard to the fair market value of the properties and they must close on at least one of the identified properties for the exchange to be valid.

The 200% Rule

A taxpayer can identify more than three properties, but the fair market value of all properties combined cannot exceed 200% of the fair market value of the Relinquished Property(ies). 

The 95% Rule

A taxpayer can identify infinite properties, the combined value of which exceeds 200% of the value of what they sold, but they must acquire at least 95% of the fair market value of the properties they identify. 

All 1031 exchanges have a 180-day time limit starting from the day of the close on the sale of the Relinquished Property. If the taxpayer has not completed the purchase of the Replacement Property before or on day 180, then the exchange is closed and the taxpayer must recognize and pay taxes on the proceeds from their Relinquished Property sale. There are no extensions or exceptions available.

If you’ve got more questions about 1031 exchange rules and requirements, contact your local Land Professional today! And if you want to stay up to date with everything National Land Realty, like our page on Facebook! 

About the Author
National Land Realty specializes in farm, ranch, recreational, timber, country estates, and commercial development properties. We’ve created the world’s best way to buy, sell, lease, and experience land. One seamless hub of knowledge, unprecedented data, and game-changing technology— accessible from anywhere. Our agents offer local expertise, with the support of a national network.